|Primordial landforms: Pawtuckaway State Park, 9/1/12|
Obviously these other beings do not speak with a human tongue: they do not speak in words. They may speak in song, like many birds, or in rhythm, like the crickets and ocean waves. They may speak in a language of movements and gestures, or articulate themselves in shifting shadows...
Language, for traditionally oral peoples, is not a specifically human possession, but is a property of the animate earth, in which we humans participate. *
* Above quotes by David Abram (p. 11) Becoming Animal: An Earthly Cosmology